1.) Florida is known for its hot and rainy summers and warm to mild winters. New York is known for its hot/warm summers and cold and snowy winters. Choose all the factors that affect the differences in the climate of the two places.
A.) the differences in latitude (how far north or south of the equator)
B.) the distance from the equator
C.) the distance from Mercury
D.) the differences in direct sunlight that hit each area
E.) the elevation of each area
F.) the amount of electricity in each area
2.) How can latitude determine climate? Choose all that apply.
A.) the closer you are to the equator the less direct sunlight you will get
B.) the farther you get from the equator the less direct sunlight you will get
C.) the equator gets the most direct sunlight, therefore the climate is going to be warmer and usually get more precipitation
D.) the equator gets the most direct sunlight, but doesn't get a lot of rainfall because it evaporates all of the water
E.) The north and south poles are near the equator
3.) How does elevation (how high/far you are above sea level) determine climate? Choose all that apply.
A.) The farther you are above sea level, the closer you are to the Sun, therefore it is very hot.
B.) The farther you are above sea level, the colder the climate. This is why you see snow on the mountaintops.
C.) The closer you are to sea level, the warmer the climate. This is why you would not see snow near the base of a mountain in the summertime.
D.) The closer you are to sea level, the colder it is, this is why the ocean in Florida is mostly frozen and dolphins have blowholes so they can breathe through the cracks in the ice.
4.) Why are swamps usually humid and hot?
A.) They are dry and the air is heavy
B.) Alligators are cold blooded and their medulla oblongata must stay at a steady temperature.
C.) They are normally in latitudes that are near the equator which receive more direct sunlight. The areas also contain water which is constantly evaporating. This creates water vapor that results in humid air.
D.) They are in high elevations that are close to the Sun.
5.) Which is NOT a type of precipitation?
B.) water vapor
E.) freezing rain
6.) A hygrometer measures the amount of humidity in the air. What is humidity?
B.) the amount of water falling from the sky
C.) the amount of water vapor in the air
D.) the pressure from the clouds
7.) A barometer measures the pressure in the air. If a barometer reads low pressure, this means the _________________ weather is coming.
8.) After a summer thunderstorm, the clouds rolled through and the Sun immediately came out. Stephen said that it felt much hotter than it was before it rained. This is because ______________________________.
A.) Stephen still has trouble telling the difference between hot and cold.
B.) The Sun was rapidly evaporating the water that was everywhere and created large amount of water vapor in the air. This is known as humidity.
C.) There was a lot of lightning in the clouds and it heated up the rain
D.) The temperature always rises after a storm comes through
9.) Wes wanted to create a model of the water cycle. He placed water in an aquarium, put a heat lamp at the top to warm the water, and ice cubes in a pan at the top. What is the purpose of the ice cubes at the top?
A.) To heat the water so it will turn into a liquid
B.) To cool the water so it will turn into a gas
C.) To cool the water vapor so it will condense
D.) To cool the water vapor so it will evaporate
10.) Liliana said Wes needed to do better on his model because it didn't model precipitation. What could he do to show this?
A.) Throw ice cubes at her
B.) Add another source of heat
C.) Put a shower head above the aquarium and have it spray down
D.) Put cotton balls at the top to represent the clouds
11.) Amelia says that weather and climate are the same thing. Hannah says she is wrong because __________________________
A.) Climate is an average weather pattern that occurs in a certain location over many years and weather is just the state that the atmosphere at any place and time.
B.) She just got her beanie and can't worry about climate right now.
C.) If it snows once that means that the climate is considered a cold one.
D.) Adults use the word climate to describe weather and kids use hot and cold.
12.) What is an example of condensation? Choose all that apply.
A.) A cold glass of water in the summer that was beads of water forming on the outside of it.
B.) You are unable to view yourself in the mirror when you get out of the shower because the mirror is fogged up.
C.) A gas turning into a liquid.
D.) A puddle becoming smaller because of the sun's rays
E.) Water vapor going into the atmosphere and cooling back into a liquid form